Architecture (Latin architectura, from Greece ἀρχιτέκτων-ἀρχι – arkhitekton, from “head” and τέκτων “builder, carpenter, mason”) is the process and product of planning, design and construction. Works of architecture, in the form of building material, often seen as a symbol of culture and art. Historical civilizations are often identified by their surviving architectural achievements.
“Architecture” can refer to:
The art and science of designing and erecting buildings and other physical structures.
A general term to describe buildings and other infrastructure.
The style and method of design and construction of buildings and other physical structures.
The practice of an architect, where architecture means to offer or render professional services in relation to the design and construction of the building, or group of buildings and space in the building, surrounding the site have as their main objective the human occupancy or use.
Design activities, from a macro-level (urban design, landscape architecture) to the micro-level (construction details and furniture).
The term “architecture” has been adopted to describe the activity of designing type system, and is commonly used in describing the information technology.
In relation to buildings, architecture has to do with the planning, designing and constructing form, space and atmosphere that reflect functional, technical, social, environmental, and aesthetic considerations. Need a creative manipulation and coordination of material, technology, light and shadow. Architecture also encompasses the pragmatic aspects of the realization of buildings and structures, including scheduling, cost estimating and construction administration. As the documentation produced by the architect, typically drawings, plans and technical specifications, architecture defines the structure and/or behavior of a building or any other kind of system that must be or have been built.